BIND, installing

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The most common versions of BIND are 9 and 8, although you will occasionally see a BIND version 4 server around, they're not very common -- which is a good thing, since DNS bugs and vulnerabilities are Bad News and older versions of BIND were plagued with both.

BIND in FreeBSD is part of the base system -- it's already there and waiting for you. If you must install it yourself, you can do it from ports, but remember to use

# make -DWITH_PORT_REPLACES_BASE_BIND9 install clean

to overwrite the base installation.

Installing BIND is fairly straightforward; the latest version is 9.3.1 and it's in ports:

# cd /usr/ports/dns/bind9
# make install clean

and you're pretty much done.

Wait, I thought you said we were done

Well, you're done if you want a standard install. If you want a really secure DNS server, you're probably going to want to install BIND in a chroot jail. It's a pain, but it means that even if your server gets compromised, the rest of the box isn't at risk.

Making a program live inside a jail, the important thing to remember is that everything that the program will need to access will need to live inside the same directories that are inside the jail environment. BIND needs to have some kind of randomness, so you'll need to put a copy of /dev/random inside the jail, as well as all the DNS config files and zone files etc are all in the same jail dir.

So the easy way to do it is to specify the directory that you want to build BIND into using the --prefix=/path/to/chroot/dir and --with-randomdev=/path/to/chroot/dir/dev/random

Rememer the chroot into your jail's chroot directory before you start BIND, and if you have any problems, it's likely because you are missing files in your jail that are necessary for your installation to run; ldd will help you find any missing libraries.

Related Links

BIND (configuring)

BIND (managing)

BIND (securing)

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